FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF HERBAL SHAMPOOS
M. Madhusudhan*, M. Krishnaji Rao, G. V. Radha and S. Ganapathy
Background: Now-a-days herbal Shampoo formulations are beyond the stage of pure cleaning of the hair. The critical part of herbal shampoos is their cleansing, foaming, conditioning and detergent action has important role in its acceptability. Objective: The objective of this study was to formulate a new herbal shampoo by utilizing the Reetha, Aloe and Henna extracts. Materials and Methods: Different concentrations of Reetha, Aloe and Henna used to formulate herbal shampoo. Box–Behnken statistical design was used to statistically optimize the formulation factors and evaluate main effects, interaction effects on the properties of shampoo. Formulated shampoos evaluated for organoleptic evaluation, powder characteristics, pH, dirt dispersion, detergency ability, cleaning action, foaming ability and its stability and conditioning performance. Results: All the formulations pH closer to the skin pH. Higher concentration of reetha shown better dirt dispersion, the shampoo containing aloe as well as reetha in higher concentration showed higher detergency, foaming and cleaning action than other formulations notably shampoo showed higher than the marketed formulation too. The formulated shampoos were uniform, denser and stable similar as that of marketed shampoo. Conclusion: Box-Behnken statistical evaluation of results, formulations containing 15% of Reetha, 10% - 12.5% of Aloe and 2-3% of Henna shown better performance compared with marketed formulations MF1& MF2. PS9 & PS16 formulations were selected as the best formulations based on physicochemical properties. The selected liquid shampoo has an excellent cleansing, detergency and foaming effect, is suitable for regular hair and has acceptable pH and organoleptic stability characteristics.
Keywords: Aloe, Henna, Herbal Shampoo, Reetha.
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