ASSESSMENT AND UPGRADING THE QUALITY OF LIFE (QOL) IN TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS USING WHO QOL – BREF SCALE IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL, KADAPA
Dr. S. Nelson Kumar*, B. Divya Sree, A. Sreha Priyusha, S. Alishar, P. Madhava Rayudu and Dr. P. Vijaya Narasimha Reddy
Introduction: Type-2 diabetes is a progressive and demanding disease with serious and long-term consequences which decrease the quality of life. The quality of life is important measure of outcome in chronic diseases, this includes physical and mental health perceptions including socio-economic status. This study is to access the quality of life among type-2 diabetic patients by using anthropometry, blood investigations, questionnaires of WHO QOL-BREF scale and monitor, upgrade the quality of life by providing counselling on life style changes, diet etc. Methods: A questionnaire based prospective interventional study was conducted for a period of 6months among 51 Type-2 diabetes patients in a tertiary care center. A pretested and structured questionnaire was used to obtain the information on socio-demographic data, diabetic history. Quality of life assessed by WHO QOL-BREF scale. Statistical analysis was carried out by graph pad prism version 8.3.0. Repeated measures one-way ANOVA was used as a statistical method. Results: This study reveals that the values were reduced and statistically significant in FBS, PPBS and BMI from baseline to the final follow-up. FBS levels shows the p value is statistically significant in 4-20 transformed scores, while in 0-100 the p value shows statistically not significant. Conclusion: Quality of life among type 2 diabetes needs improvement with proper treatment regimens ensuring good glycaemic control. Education on self-control had more impact on controlling the condition and improved the quality of life.
Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, questionnaire study, Intervention, WHO QOL BREF scale.
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