FORMULATION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY TEST OF PEEL-OFF MASK FROM ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF BUAS-BUAS LEAF (PREMNA SERRATIFOLIA L.) WITH DPPH METHOD (2,2-DIPHENYL-1PICRYLHYDRAZYL)
Weni Puspita*, Dina Yuspita Sari and Ika Ristia Rahman
The ethanol extract of Buas-buas (Premna serratifolia L.) has a very high antioxidant activity, where antioxidants for facial skincare will be better formulated in topical form compared to oral because the active substances will interact longer with facial skin. One of topical product is Peel off gel mask. The purpose of this study was to determine that the ethanol extract of Buas-buas can be formulated into a peel-off facial mask, and to determine antioxidant activity of peel-off face mask of Buas-buas leaf ethanol extract. The antioxidant activity test was tested using the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1picrylhydrazyl) method. Buas-buas were extracted using the maceration method with 70% ethanol. The extract obtained was then added into a peel-off gel mask preparation with variations concentrations 1% (F1), 2% (F2), and 3% (F3). The result showed that the ethanol extract of Buas-buas leaf could be formulated into a gel peel-off facial mask preparation. The organoleptic tests of F3 show that F3 has a typical odor of oleum citri, brownish-green color, a thick texture, and homogen with a pH value of 5.53 ± 0.16, viscosity 66.67 ± 5.77 dPas, spreadability 5.9 ± 0.05 cm, and drying time 25.41 ± 0.16 minutes. Antioxidant activity of F3 is 70.206 ± 0.636%.
Keywords: antioxidant activity, gel peel-off mask, Premna serratifolia L.
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