PREVELANCE AND RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS AMONG THE ADULT POPULATION
Dr. Bilal Khan and *Tahira Gul
Public health is immensely important to sustain the healthy community. Risk factors of common mental health disorders are neglected by healthcare professionals and policy makers. To understand the risk factors and prevalence of common mental health disorder symptoms in district Zhob adult population a primary data-based study was designed and conducted. To progress a healthy and productive society it is important overcome the health issues of common masses. The objective of the study was to examine the risk factors of common mental health disorders in adult population of District Zhob in Baluchistan. The study was carried out on 282 respondents seeking treatment in different THQs, private clinics and BHUs located in District Zhob. Random sampling technique was used to collect the data. The study has used Pashto version GAD-7 score for anxiety and PHQ-9 score for depression. Descriptive statistics and correlation test used to present results from data. The study found that unemployment, poverty, lack of education and overthinking are potential risk factor for common mental disorders and anxiety score of GAD-7 indicating severe anxiety is 16-20%, which is faced by 22.69% of respondents and 12.41% respondent were in moderate category. The study also found that 62.76% respondent score lowest 0-5 on PHQ-9 score for depression and 15.97 have scored 16-20 on PHQ-9 scoring board for depression. The study concluded that common mental disorders were observable in adult population of district Zhob, Baluchistan. However, the intensity of depression was greater, which indicates that age and unemployment were not the responsible factors for such evidences from the data. Other unfolded factors with carrying potential risk for CMDs and anxiety issues among adult population requires further research in context of terrorism affected areas, which can lead to depression and anxiety.
Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, Mental health disorders, Risk factors.
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