EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

COMPARISON OF METFORMIN VERSUS OTHER TREATMENT MODALITIES IN GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS

Chanil Deshan Ekanayake*, Prasantha Sudehana Wijesinghe , Rasika Herath, Nadeera Puliyadda, Nilanga Nishad

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Despite evidence to prove both its efficacy and safety, use of metformin is at most restricted to only as an adjunct to insulin preparations. We compared the maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes associated with GDM in women treated with metformin versus those treated with diet alone and diet plus insulin. Method: An observational study was carried out over a period of six months in 104 GDM patients. Study groups were 43 patients on diet alone (group A), 42 on metformin plus diet (group B), and 19 on diet plus insulin (group C). Maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes were compared. Results: Fourteen patients in group B subsequently required supplemental insulin. Gestational hypertension 5(12%), 4(10%), 5(26%) (p=0.8) and wound infection among 2(5%), 1(2%), 0(0%) (p=0.6) were seen in groups A, B and C respectively. Four patients with polyhydramnios were seen in group B. Mean birth weights were A=3.07kg, B=3.07kg, C=3.1kg (p=0.96). Macrosomia 5 (12%), 3 (7%), 3 (16%) (p=0.2), neonatal hypoglycemia 2 (5%), 2 (5%), 2 (11%) (p=0.4), five minute Apgar scores 9.9, 9.7, 9.9, and neonatal jaundice 5(12%), 4(10%), 3(16%) (p=0.04) were noted in in groups A, B and C respectively. Single case of respiratory distress was seen in the insulin group. Shoulder dystocia and perinatal deaths were not observed. Conclusion: Maternal and perinatal outcomes were similar among diet alone, diet plus metformin, and diet plus insulin groups. Cost-effectiveness, easy administration, safety profile and convenience of storage would make metformin an attractive option in the management of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: Gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, metformin, diet, insulin.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )