EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

DIGITAL EYE STRAIN: SYMPTOMS AND INTERVENTIONS

Sundaram Kartikeyan and Pradnya Jadhav*

ABSTRACT

Extensive daily use of electronic digital for prolonged periods for occupational and recreational purposes can cause an ocular symptom complex (eye-strain, tired eyes, irritation, burning sensations, redness of eyes, dry eyes, blurred and double vision) as well as musculoskeletal problems (neck, shoulder, wrist and back pain). This constellation of symptoms is due to repetitive strain injury (or cumulative trauma injury) and is collectively called “digital eye strain” or “computer vision syndrome”. Unsuitable ambient lighting conditions may worsen the ocular symptoms, whereas unnatural posturing while using display devices causes musculoskeletal symptoms. Symptoms are usually transitory, but if frequent and persistent, they can have an adverse economic impact due to increased errors and reduced productivity when professional computer users are affected. Digital eye strain can be subjectively assessed using questionnaires or objectively appraised using several parameters that provide indices of visual fatigue. Customized individual-specific strategies for managing digital eye strain include educating users; modifying ergonomics of the working environment; correcting refractive error and presbyopia; rectifying defective vergence and accommodation; managing dry eye and taking regular breaks while using digital devices. Use of blue light-filtering spectacle lenses have yielded mixed results. Due to the widespread use of digital devices, evidence-based advice and management options ought to be provided.

Keywords: Computer vision syndrome, Digital eye strain, Visual fatigue.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )