EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

COMORBID CONDITIONS AND MANAGEMENT STARTEGIES IN COPD PATIENTS: A RETROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Dr. R. Bhanu Prasad* and Dr. V. Sai Rathna

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the different comorbid conditions in subjects diagnosed with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and their treatment approaches. Methods: Retrospective observational cohort study was conducted in Inpatient Respiratory department at Bongu Bheem Rao (BBR) super speciality hospital from July 2017 to December 2017 and a total number of 318 case records of subjects diagnosed with COPD, regardless of senility, belonging to both genders were collected from the subjects case sheets. Results and Discussion: among the subjects, the number of men and women are 268 and 50 respectively. of which, 108 (33.96%) males and 28 (8.80%) females are affected with a habitat of smoking. Cardiovascular comorbidities (61.3%) is recorded to be more prevalent comorbidity than other comorbid conditions inherited in the study and percentage of drug usage is high in antibiotics (58.2%). Conclusion: The highest incidence of comorbidities was recorded in cardiovascular diseases along with COPD. The main cause of COPD observed is due to smoking as half of the subjects are diagnosed with a habitat of smoking. Males are affected with a higher risk than females. High percentage of drug usage is found with the antibiotic class of drugs.

Keywords: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Comorbidities, Smoking, Exacerbations, Mortality.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )