ASSESSMENT OF AWARENESS ABOUT MICROVASCULAR AND MACROVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES MELLITUS
Arya Lekshmi U. S., Dr. Merlin N. J.*, Prof. (Dr.) Shaiju S. Dharan and Gloris Mariam Chacko
Background: Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disease that result in high blood sugar level in body .Prolonged duration of diabetes in a person can lead to many complications which may affect the eyes, nerves, kidneys and other organs. Diabetic Complication are mainly of two types: microvascular and macro vascular complications. The aim of this study is to assess the awareness about diabetic complication among people in South Kerala. Objective: To obtain quantitative and qualitative data regarding the awareness of diabetic complication in South Kerala. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional observation study done by simple random sampling based on a questionnaire and data were analyzed statistically. This study was conducted in 300 people among rural and urban area of South Kerala. Result: 300 subjects were participated in the study in which 34% were aware and 66% were unaware about diabetic complications. Subjects were asked about awareness of common complications resulting from diabetes mellitus, majority ie, 35% responded as kidney disease, 30% as eye disese, 16% as heart disease,7% as stroke, 12% as donot know. While assessing the awareness about organs affected by diabetes, 34% responded as eyes, 21% as feet, 18% as kidney, 11% as nerves, 9% as heart, 7% as donot know. Conclusion: Now a days diabetes mellitus is globally increasing. And the people are unaware about the diabetic complication and need of proper treatment. Through this study the awareness of diabetes mellitus as well as its complication has been assessed.
Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Macro vascular complications ,Microvascular complications, awareness.
[Full Text Article]