ASSESSMENT OF PRESCRIBING PATTERN AND COMMON ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS IN PATIENTS RECEIVING CHEMOTHERAPY FOR BREAST AND STOMACH CANCER
Dr. Basavanna P. L.*, Dr. Vikas Laxman, Mohammed Musthafa K. and Tom Joseph
Background: Cancer affected many communities all over the world makes the disease second leading cause of death. Recent statistics report states that globally one among co-deaths are due to cancer. Objectives: The main objectives of the study was to assess the prescribing pattern and common adverse drug reactions in patients receiving chemotherapy for breast and stomach cancer. Materials and Methods: Study was carried out at oncology department, Mysore Medical College Of Research Institute and Associated Hospitals; KR Hospital, Mysore, India, from July 2020 to October 2020. A total of 101 patients were enrolled in the study as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patient’s demographic data were collected by using data collection form and adverse drug reactions were assessed by Naranjo Causality assessment scale, Hardwig Scale. Result: Out of 101 candidates, females show dominance over male and majority of the patients were in the age group 41-50years. Candidates with breast cancer(86) were more in number to that of candidates stomach cancer(15). The frequently assessed ADR’s were nausea, vomiting, anemia and alopecia respectively. Doxorubicin+Cyclophosphamide was the most commonly used chemotherapy drug for breast cancer and Docetaxel+cisplatin for stomach cancer. Conclusion: The study was conducted to analyze the adverse drug reaction among cancer patients. A decline in disease can be obtained by giving awareness and proper education about the disease in the population.
Keywords: Adverse drug reactions (ADR’s).
[Full Text Article]