ADMIXTURE OF CONSTITUENTS IN MEDICINAL PLANTS USING EMISSION-SPECTROMETRY TECHNIQUE
S. S. Teerthe*, Ashwini A., Mohanraj N. Pattar, Rajesh S. M., Shailaja Mahadappa, Shivraj G. G. and B. R. Kerur
The knowledge of medicinal plant medicine in India it is originated from villagers, elders, farmers, healers and tribalism for health care system. Nowadays, increased scientific interest and consumer demand, have promoted the development of herbal and Ayurvedic drug products as dietary supplements. Here the elements are very intermediate substances of medicinal plants and human body which play an important role in the treatment of different disease. Hence it is essential to study the essential elements in medicinal plants for maintaining the life processes in plants and/or animals including human beings. The present profile Apocynaceae family plants such as Catharanthus roseus, Caltrop’s gigantean, Plumeria rubra, and Nerium indicum leaves parts collected from different places of Gulbarga/ Kalaburagi district of Hyderabad- Karnataka commonly used as medicine in the traditional health care system for the treatment of various ailments. The Preparation of the sample is done by adopting a standard procedure and estimated the macro and micro nutrients using ICP-AES Techniques. The obtained concentrations of 12 Essential elements such as Mg, Al, Si, S, Cl, K, Ca Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu and Zn are within the permissible limits of WHO in all studied medicinal plants. The present investigation shows the variations of Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca and Mn were found in high concentrations while compare to S, Cl, Cr, Fe, Cu, and Zn, these are good supplements elements for the study of Chemical constituents and Photochemical activity of the present medicinal plants. The medicinal usages of these herbs were discussed in the light of above results for treatment of different diseases.
Keywords: Medicinal plants, Elements, Karnataka, WHO/FAO limits, ICP-AES technique.
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