IN VITRO PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF SESUVIUM PORTULACASTRUM (L.) L. AND SUAEDA MARITIMA L.
E. Sai Kumar*
Background: Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. and Suaeda martima (L.) are two important medicinal plants inhabited in mangrove regions. Objective: The objective of this study is to screening of phytochemicals, and to measure the antimicrobial activity against 2 Gram positive bacteria, 2 Gram negative bacteria and 3 fungal strains. Materials and Methods: Hexane, Ethyl acetate and Methanol were utilized for extraction. Bacterial Strains Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and fungal strains Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, were used to test the antimicrobial activity. Results: The activity increased in dose dependent manner thus hexane concentrate of Sesuvium portulacastrum display most noteworthy action against P.aeruginosa and E.coli and Aspergillus flavus demonstrated maximum. Suaeda maritima show highest zone against S.aureus and P.aeruginosa demonstrated least movement. Hexane was demonstrated best dissolvable for Sesuvium portulacastrum and Ethyl acetate for Suaeda maritima. Ethyl acetate was finest for the fungal activity of both plants. Phytochemical analysis of both plants showed presence of alkaloids, steroids, tannins, glycosides, ascorbic acid etc. Conclusion: These outcomes bolster the thought that therapeutic plants may have a job as pharmaceutical and additives.
Keywords: Sesuvium portulacastrum, Suaeda maritima, Medicinal plants, Phytochemical screening, Hexane, Ethyl acetate.
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