IMPROVING PREVENTION OF INJURIES OF ROTATOR CUFF SHOULDER JOINT IN THROWING ATHLETES. THEORETICAL APPROACH
S. M. Saliev*, M. E. Irismetov, M. M. Saliev, F. M. Usmanov and S. S. Kadirov
As a motor ability of the body, the overarm throw is a fundamental specific action that requires the development of qualitative kinematic possessions in the association of the limb segments that force the quantitative modification in movement technique and task effect. Appropriate throwing mechanism allows sportsmen to realise suprema performance with least chance of trauma, particularly in injuries of rotator cuff and labrum of shoulder joint. Purpose was to review biomechanics throwing performance and propose an improved prehabilitation program of athletes based on literature. Literate review was used with focusing on physiology and biomechanics of the throwing performance, muscle sliding filament theory description and proposed prehabilitation program for throwing athletes based on evidence. Eventually it was described 12-week training programme based on the principles of periodization and the aforementioned training principles. Goal of program was to prepare athlete participating in throwing activity for the high level competition in best performance condition, high throwing velocity and less risk of injuries.
Keywords: shoulder, throwing, prehabilitation, biomechanics.
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