A REVIEW ON THE CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF ROLE OF AYURVEDA IN ORAL HYGIENE
*Astha Sharma, Shiv Shankar Shukla and Bhavana Sharma
Oral hygiene is very much important and is a major part of Dinacharya. Ayurveda has mentioned some measures in order to keep oral cavity healthy like Dantadhawana (brushing the tooth), jihwanirlekhana, Gandusha and Kavala as described in Charak Samhita under the heading of Dinacharya. Acharya Charak has mentioned principally Tikta, Katu and Kashaya Rasa for Dantadhawana drugs. Acharya Sushruta has mentioned Dantashodhana chuna in the context of Dinacharya for maintaining the oral hygiene. These three Rasa pacifies Kapha dosha, which is responsible for the Mukhagata rogas (oral problems). Jihwanirlekhana helps in removing dirt and food debris from the tongue. Gandusha and Kavala are the therapeutic measures which are used to treat the Mukhagata rogas as well as to maintain the oral health. Gandusha and Kavala has various effects on mucosal lining of mouth as mucosal healing, mucosal scarifying. Daily practices of ayurvedic procedures like Dantadhawan,Gandush, Kavala and Jihwanirlekhana not only helps in maintaining the oral hygiene but also prevent from the consequences of bad oral hygiene.
Keywords: Ayurveda, Dantadhawan, Gandusha, Jihwanirlekhana, Kavala, Kapha dosha.
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