EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON DIABETIC FOOT ULCER AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS

Nadeem Mahshooque T. C.*, Sanjay Sreekumar K., Dhanya G. Pillai, Samar P. and Swathi Krishna

ABSTRACT

Background: Studies about prevalence and risk factors of diabetic foot has much importance, because it is one of the most common complication of diabetes mellitus. Objective: To determine the rate of occurrence and influence of lifestyle and duration of diabetes in foot ulcer. To determine the glycemic level changes with interaction of hypoglycemics with the drugs used of foot ulcer. Methodology: A prospective observational study conducted at PVS Hospital (P) Ltd, Calicut. The necessary data were collected from patient medical charts by using the data collection forms. Diabetic patients treated with at least one anti-diabetic drug with or without comorbidities were included. Results: Out of 200 collected data39 patients had diabetic foot. Diabetic patients who had neuropathy were 12.25 times more likely to develop diabetic foot ulcer as compared to those diabetic patients without neuropathy (OR= 12.25; 95% CI: 5.146, 26.66; P < 0.0001). History of previous amputation, peripheral vascular disease, poor foot self-care practice, and smoking were other risk factors to develop diabetic foot ulcers. Percentage reduction in fasting blood sugar was seen more while taking triple therapy of antibiotic (28.37%) than the monotherapy of antibiotic(18.46%). Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetic foot ulcer among diabetic patients was found to be 19.50%. Neuropathy, previous amputation, peripheral vascular diseases and foot self- care practice were factors significantly associated with diabetic foot ulcer. Antidiabetic agents had an additive effect or synergistic effect when taken together with antibiotics which were used to treat diabetic foot ulcer.

Keywords: Diabetic foot ulcer, lifestyle influence, hypoglycemic interactions.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing