EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PERFUME RELATED ASTHMA IN PAKISTAN

*Dr. Syed Anzar Ahmed, Dr. Alvina Tariq and Dr. Amna Anzar

ABSTRACT

Background: Perfume fragrances are likely to cause allergic reaction and airway obstruction among the asthmatic patients. Moreover, other symptoms of the allergic reaction also include chest tightening and wheezing. Aim: The study aims to assess perfume related asthma among the residents of Karachi, Pakistan. Methodology: The study has employed quantitative approach and recruited 120 patients from the clinics of general practitioners of all districts of Karachi. The age of participants were ranged between 20 to 30 years. Questionnaires were filled by the participants that included demographic details and other questions based on Likert scale. The participants were also told to rate perfume fragrance on the basis of multiple dimensions including; irritation, annoyance, and perceived intensity. Results: Majority of the recruited participants were males (62.5%); whereas, 37.5% were females. 31.7% of the participants had acquired asthma as a result of environmental conditions and 16.7% suffered from it since birth. The results clearly depicted that perfume fragnance is one of the major reasons that triggers asthma as it can cause airway obstruction, develop bronchial hyper-responsiveness, and increase activity of airway passage. Conclusion: Although perfume fragrance is one of the reasons for triggering asthma but there are many other factors that are inter-linked with initiating the allergic reaction.

Keywords: Airway Obstruction, Allergy, Asthma, Fragrance, Hyper-activity, Hyper-sensitivity, Perfume.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia