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European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Jebril S. ElAbidi*, Najia Alorofy, Mabrouka A. M. Bofarraj, Abdalla Saad Abdalla Al-Zawi and Najwa H. Abduljawad


Background: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is most common chronic renal disease in children, characterized by heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia (albumin <25gm/dl), oedema and hypercholesterolemia. It occurs due to alterations of permselectivity at the glomerular capillary wall, resulting in its inability to restrict the urinary loss of protein. Aims: This study was undertaken to explore the different patterns of nephrotic syndrome in Paediatric age group in Benghazi area (Libya) during the year 2018 and to assess clinical presentation, associated complications, investigative profile as well as evaluate the therapeutic response in the cohort. Patients and methods: A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted, the clinical data was retrieved from archival files of 86 children with NS who were hospitalized during the year of 2018. Results: Data of 86 nephrotic syndrome Libyan child were analyzed, 69.76 % male and 30.2% are female. The affected children belong mainly to the age group 1-10 years (76.7%). The dominant type of NS was steroid sensitive (SSNS) 83% of the cases, while steroid resistant type (SRNS) in 3.4%.The most repeatedly encountered pattern is infrequent relapse NS (IFRNS) 62.79 %, where the frequent relapse pattern NS (FRNS) 3.4% and the steroid dependent NS (SDNS) in 16.2% . Respiratory infection is the most common predisposing factor (32.2%) and it may be associated with Hypertension in 19.8% , peritonitis in 17 %,seizure in 15.1%, vomiting in 9.3 % , gross hematuria in 2.3% and impaired renal function 17.4%. Conclusion: The epidemiological criteria and classification of NS are comparable to the published data. Respiratory infection is the most common predisposing factor for relapses The relapse-specific interventions can reduce the associated morbidity and ultimately improve the management outcome as well as child’s life quality.

Keywords: Nephrotic syndrome, Steroid Sensitive, Resistant, Dependent, Relapse, proteinuria, Children.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia