( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Priti Desai*, Saikat Chatterjee, Niladri Maiti and Shibendu Biswas


Aim & Objective: The study was designed to evaluate and compare the antifungal efficacy of 3% Sodium Hypochlorite, 0.2% Chlorhexidine, 20% Citric acid against Candida Albicans using Agar diffusion method. Methodology: The four irrigating material divided in to group(n =10) GROUP I- Normal saline (control), GROUP II- 3% Sodium Hypochlorite(ICPA), GROUP III-0.2%Chlorhexidine, GROUP IV- 20% Citric acid(Primadent). To test antifungal activity with agar diffusion method, sterile muller hinton plates were prepared first (n=10 per group) and then the broth culture of canidia albicans were swabbed on these plates with sterile swabs. The two wells per plate were cut into agar plates with the help of sterile cork-borer. 50 μl of test samples will be added to the wells respectively according to groups. The plates were incubated at 37°C for 24 hrs. The antifungal activity was evaluated by measuring the diameter of inhibition zone. Results: Group IV shown 15.4 mm inhibition zone, group III shown 11.2 mm inhibition zone, Group –II shown 4.4 mm inhibition zone and group I shown 0.00 mm inhibition zone. Conclusion: 20% Citric acid shows greater antifungal efficacy than 0.2% Chlorhexidine and 3%Sodium Hypochlorite against Candida albicans. While normal saline does not have antifungal activity so use of citric acid as irrigating solution is helpful in eradicating fungi from root canal.

Keywords: Agar diffusion, Mueller-Hinton, Candida albicans, Sodium hypochlorite Chlorhexidine gluconate, Citric acid.

[Full Text Article]




    AUGUST Issue has been successfully launched on 1 August 2022.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database