EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY AND PREVALENCE OF TWO SEROTYPES OF SALMONELLA ENTERICA IN NEPAL (REVIEW)

Paudel K.R.*, Sharma M., Raghubansi B.R. and Jha R.K.

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to find out the difference in the prevalence of enteric fever caused by Salmonella Typhi and S. Paratyphi A, antimicrobial resistance pattern and multi drug resistant (MDR) isolates in Nepal. Cochrane library, MEDLINE/PUBMED Central, HINARI and Open Access journals were searched for Nepal, enteric fever, antimicrobial resistance, prescription pattern, typhoid and paratyphoid fever for the published data in the period of 2000 to 2012. Data were extracted in the data extraction form and were entered into Microsoft Excel 2007 and MetaAnlyst (Beta 3.13). Studies included in the present study consisted of more than 106,678 blood/bone marrow samples with 11,252 confirmed cases for enteric fever. Prevalence of S. Typhi was found to be 49.2% to 91.4% [risk ratio (RR) 0.003 to 0.737] whereas it was 8.6% to 50.8% for S. Paratyphi A. Antimicrobial sensitivity pattern showed decreased susceptibility to flouroquinolones though the data were inconclusive. Prevalence of MDR isolates for S. Typhi was found to be 1.7% to 40.7% and 4.2% to 7% for S. Paratyphi A. Amoxicillin plus calvulanic acid, ofloxacin, ceftriaxone and cefotaxime may be more suitable for both serotypes of S. enterica in Nepal though comparative studies are not available.

Keywords: Antibiotic resistance, Enteric fever, Nepal.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )