( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



*Amirah H. Alenzi, Aeshah S. Alamrani and Yousef S. Alalawi


Background: Breast cancer is the leading cause of death in women worldwide. In Saudi Arabia, breast cancer ranks first among cancerous diseases in females. Objectives: To investigate the level of breast cancer awareness among Saudi females in Tabuk, focusing on knowledge of breast cancer signs and associated risk factors, and breast self-examination. Methods: Cross-sectional survey of 400 women attending the outpatient clinics of King Khalid Hospital in Tabuk city was carried out between 15 July and 30 August 2015 using self-administered questionnaire. Result: It showed that 35% of the Participants in this study aged between 26 and 35 years. The most widely known risk factor for breast cancer was family history (50%).The lowest level of knowledge of risk factor was regarding early menarche (3%) and late menopause (4%) and old age (14%). Other risk factors got moderate response, including lack of breast feeding, smoking, obesity (48%, 38%, and37.5%, respectively). Most of the participants (97.5%) identified breast mass as a symptom for breast cancer. However, non lump symptoms were also known and more than half of the participants were aware of other warning signs such as bloody nipple discharge, skin change, change or retraction of nipple and change in shape/size of breast, accounting for 90%, 75 %, 71 %, and 68% respectively. Furthermore, as many as 71% of subjects identified breast self examination as an early detection measure for breast cancer. 98% of the Participants mentioned that they heard about breast self-examination (BSE). Only 74% of the participants correctly identified that BSE should be performed monthly but 38% had performed it. Conclusion: This study has shown that the participants have poor knowledge about breast cancer and its associated risk factors as well as breast self examination.

Keywords: Breast cancer, Breast self-examination, awareness, Saudi females.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 December 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    DECEMBER Issue has been successfully launched on 1 December 2021.

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    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

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    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )