EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

FACTORS INFLUENCING ADHERENCE TO ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY AMONG HIV INFECTED CHILDREN ATTENDING THE DAY CARE HOSPITAL AT THE BAMENDA REGIONAL HOSPITAL, NORTH WEST CAMEROON

Moses Samje*, Margaret Teih Maih, Hubert Lukong Shalanyuy and Kenneth Nsom Nyuonguo

ABSTRACT

Paediatric adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is important in achieving efficiency of treatment and preventing failure to therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of adherence to ART and identify factors influencing adherence to paediatric ART at the Day Hospital of the Bamenda Regional Hospital. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 213 children (≤ 14 years old) who were on antiretroviral therapy for at least six months. Adherence was assessed retrospectively, through self-administered questionnaires to the patients or their caregivers. An adherence rate of ≥ 95% was considered accepted as optimal adherence. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 (SPSS Inc Chicago USA) statistical packages. Overall, the adherence rate for the 213 participants was 26.8%. Significantly low levels of adherence were observed among caregivers who either had no formal education, were grandparents and had formal employment (P<0.05). The major patients‟ factors associated to non-adherence was refusal to take medicine while forgetfulness by caregivers accounted for the majority caregivers‟ factor. The highest number of caregivers who forgot to administer medicine were those with primary education, grandparents and the self-employed. Poor attitude of health care provider and long waiting time at the clinic were the major reasons for non-adherence. Paediatric adherence to ARV at this Day Care Hospital is low. The patient, caregiver, health-care-provider, and the health facility all contribute to this frightening percentage of non-adherence.

Keywords: adherence, antiretroviral therapy, paediatrics, factors, HIV, Cameroon.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing