A CASE STUDY ON CEREBRAL PALSY
Koppad A. M., Rahul S.*, Pavani V., Shivkumar and Doddayya H.
Cerebral palsy is a common cause of occurrence of disability in children. Cerebral palsy brings together a group of diseases that can cause significant changes in posture and motor skills, and can lead to loss of motor autonomy in varying proportions. Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type of cerebral palsy. The muscles of people with spastic cerebral palsy feel stiff and their movements may look stiff and jerky. Spasticity is a form of hypertonia, or increased muscle tone. This results in stiff muscles which can make movement difficult or even impossible. Spastic cerebral palsy occurs as a result of brain damage, usually before or during birth, or sometimes within the first years of a child’s life. It’s a disorder that affects coordination and control of motor function. This causes the child to be delayed in reaching normal developmental milestones, and that is when it becomes more evident. Spastic cerebral palsy may be classified as quadriplegic, diplegic, or hemiplegic, according to how and where it affects the body. Oral anticonvulsants and muscle relaxants are commonly used as first-line treatments for CP such as diazepam, dantrolene, baclofen, tizanidine. Awareness of clinician regarding diagnosis and accurate treatment can reduce the disease burden.
Keywords: Central Nervous System, Cerebral palsy, Spasticity, Quadriplegia.
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