ASSOCIATION OF METABOLIC SYNDROME WITH CHILDHOOD OBESITY
Shahana A. Rahman*, Monira Hossain and Suraiya Begum
Introduction: Childhood obesity has become an epidemic worldwide. The adverse consequence of childhood obesity includes hypertension, impaired glucose tolerance and dyslipidemia which are the components of metabolic syndrome. It is well recognized that metabolic syndrome is strongly associated with chronic non-communicable diseases like coronary artery disease and cerebro-vascular disease. Objective: To assess the association of obesity with metabolic syndrome in Bangladeshi obese children and adolescents. Methods: It was a cross sectional study done in children, aged 10 to 16 years, attending Department of paediatrics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka. Fifty obese children as case and 50 normal weight children as control were enrolled in the study. Medical history, physical examination including blood pressure measurement and anthropometric measurements including waist circumference were recorded. Investigations were done including fasting lipid profile and fasting plasma glucose. Results: The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 86% and metabolic syndrome was 34% in obese children. Low HDL (72%) was the most common lipid abnormality followed by high TG (48%) among obese children. Conclusion: A strong association was found between childhood obesity and metabolic syndrome in this study.
Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, obesity, dyslipidemia.
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