A STUDY ON ANTIBIOTIC PROFILE IN SURGICAL SITE INFECTIONS AT K R HOSPITAL, MYSURU
*Dr. Basavanna P. L., Dr. Ajmal Sadique C., Dr. Anju Raj M. K., Dr. Chethana H. T., Dr. Vanitha A. S.
Surgical site infections (SSI’s) are the most common healthcare associated infections (HCAI’s). Globally, surgical site infection rates have been found to be 2.5 to 41.9%. The prophylactic administration of antibiotics decreases the risk of infection after many surgical procedures. This study was designed to evaluate the antibiotic profile and to assess the rationality of antibiotic utilisation pattern in SSI’s in patients who are admitted to general surgery department in K R Hospital, Mysuru. SSI’s are usually seen in between the age group 31-60 years. The study involves a total number of 200 patients. Males are predominant while comparing to females. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and hyperalbumineamia are the major risk factors of SSI’s. Ceftriaxone was the predominant antimicrobial used as chemoprophylaxis. Increased infection rate was seen in patients administered with Inj. Ceftriaxone alone than with combination of other antibiotics. Inj. Ceftriaxone + Metronidazole combination were the most commonly administered post-operative antibiotics followed by Inj. Ceftriaxone.
Keywords: SSI’s, HCAI’s, diabetes mellitus, hyperalbumineamia, chemoprophylaxis.
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