COMMUNITY BASED STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE ASSESSMENT AND DETERMINANTS OF COPD
Sini Joseph, A. Vikneswari*, V. J. Divya, Rajesh Singh Bista
Respiratory diseases are an important reason for mortality worldwide. With demographic changes within the developing world and a few changes occurs in health care system, education, awareness and financial gain, the burden of communicable diseases is probably going to minimize, but the burden of chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) like as COPD, bronchial asthma and lung cancer are probably to worsen due to increasing tobacco use, environmental hazards and ageing population. This study was conducted in General population those who are the residence of Mallavali to mandya region and physician diagnosed COPD patient details were collected from Udaya health care centre at K.M.Doddi. A total number of 155 patients’ details were collected. Among this 155 patients, 68 patients knowledge assessment questionnaires, 87 patients SpO2 value and BMI were measured. Knowledge of different domains was analyzed. 31.12% of patients have disease knowledge, 58.82% of patients have knowledge about their medications, 60.29% have knowledge about self management of their disease and 30.51% patients have knowledge about exercises to be done to improve quality of life, 83.82% patients have knowledge about the diet to be taken and 33.82% have knowledge about risk factors to be avoided due to disease. Our study reported that 44.83% of patients were found undernourished. SpO2 measurements were obtained from 87 patients and they were categorized into different groups based on their SpO2 values. A total of 51.72% of patients are having SpO2 value below 92% (severe) and 28.73% of patients have SpO2 values below 92 - 95% (moderate) value. There is a significant association between BMI and SpO2 values.
Keywords: COPD, Knowledge assessment, determinants.
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