STUDY OF INCIDENCE RATE AND MORE AT HIGH RISK GROUPS FOR PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS DISEASE IN WAD MADANI & AL MANAGIL HOSPITALS- GEZIRA STATE – SUDAN – 2018
Dr. Gurashi Gabr Alla Hamad* and Dr. Adam Dawria
This descriptive study was conducted in Gezira State – Wad Madani & Al Managil Hospitals – Gezira State-Sudan- from 2016 to 2018. With an aim to study the epidemiological factors of new positive cases among TB patients in Wad Madani and ELmanagil centers in Gezira State. The sample size was Total coverage of all new positive smear TB patients transferred to Wad madani and Elmanagil centers in Gezira state. About 221 samples. The data were collected by using the following methods, observation (check list) while managing to patients, structure questionnaire which distributed for each patient infected with tuberculosis disease for the first time, The data were analyzed manually using master sheets, and using statistical package for social science (SPSS), and data were depicted in tables and figures. The study indicated that the incidence rate in Wad Madani center about (22 cases per 100.000 population). While the incidence rate in Al managil center estimate (11 cases per 100.000 population), 60.1% of the patients know about infectious TB disease. The study indicated that (69%) of the patients were male, while female were (31%).Young people are the most affected by TB disease about (61%) of total patients, (30.3%) of the patients use of stimulants and (69.7%)didn't use, The important recommendations in this study is that Improvement of work environment for T.B centers in Gezira state by maintenance of clinics and laboratories, training of staffs. Raising of health education in community for contributing to detect and treatment cases of T.B disease.
Keywords: Epidemiological, Factors, New positive, Tuberculosis, Centers.
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