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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

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Brown Holy*, Nnatuanya I. N. and Obisike U. A.


The effects of ethanolic, aqueous and Dimethyl Sulphur oxide extracts of Xylopia aethiopica on the renal function of Rabbits was studied. Xylopia aethiopica (African guinea pepper) is used mainly as spices, postpartum tonic to induce placental discharge at postpartum by traditional birth attendants (TBA). A total of thirty (30) Rabbits were recruited for the study. The Rabbits were divided into four (4) experimental groups and the control group. Group 1 comprised of six Rabbits weighing averagely 1.4kg, each was given 1ml of Dimethyl sulphur oxide extract of X. aethiopica daily. Group 2 had a mean weight of 1.3kg and received 1.63ml of cold water extract each daily. Group 3 received same volume as group 2 but hot water extract of X. aethiopica. Group 4 received 1.75ml each of ethanolic extract of the plant seed. The control group received 1m each of distilled water once daily for a period of 30 days. The results showed a significant increase (p<0.05) in the levels of chloride ion in all the methods of extracts when compared with the control. Potassium ion levels were significantly increased in in both the Dimethyl Sulphur oxide and cold water extracts of X. aethiopica. There was also a significant increase in creatinine values for the cold water extract when compared with the control group and sodium and bicarbonate levels were also increased significantly for the hot water and ethanolic extracts respectively. In this study, it can be deduced that Xylopia aethiopica caused a significant increase in the level of creatinine in Rabbits treated with cold water extract, indirectly affecting the renal function. It is recommended therefore, that further studies should be advocated to ascertain and to provide reasonable estimates of the human risk associated with the consumption of Xylopia aethiopica in hot water extract as is used to in this part of the globe.

Keywords: Xylopia aethiopica, renal function, electrolyte, postpartum tonic.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )