EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

DRUG UTILIZATION PATTERN DURING PREGNANCY IN ALEXANDRIA, EGYPT

Sara A. Hanafy*, Sunny A. Sallam, Ibrahim F. Kharboush and Iman H. Wahdan

ABSTRACT

Background: Drug use (DU) in pregnancy is a global public health concern in both developed and developing countries. Aim: To assess the magnitude and pattern of DU during pregnancy in Alexandria, Egypt. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 600 pregnant women from 20 antenatal care (ANC) clinics affiliated to the three institutional health facilities in Alexandria Governorate, Egypt; Ministry of Health, Health Insurance Organization and Alexandria University. Results: The findings revealed a high prevalence (96.3%) of DU during pregnancy. The proportion of prescribed-only- medications (POM) was 95.6%, compared to only 4.4% over-the-counter (OTC) medications. Category B medications (41.3%), 30.2% unclassified, 15.0% category C, 12.1% category A, 0.9% category X and 0.5% category D. Most commonly used medications were for GIT disorders (25.3%). The majority of respondents (88.0%) took supplements and a relatively high prevalence (41.8%) of herbal intake was observed with 56.3% of herbs consumed in the first trimester. Conclusion: There is an irrational prescribing trend of drugs during pregnancy. The prevalence of teratogenic medications of category D and X is of concern even if it is low. High herbal use especially in first trimester warrants special attention.

Keywords: Drug use, prescribed-only-medications, over-the-counter medications, supplements, herbs, pregnancy.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )