EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTALE AQUEOUS LEAF EXTRACTS ON LEAD-INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY IN MALE WISTAR RATS: HISTOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL EVALUATION

Anyanwu Godson Emeka*, Kalu Ezinne Chidinma, Nto Johnson Nto and Nweze Sylvester Onuegbunam

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the protective effect of Anacardium occidentale (A.O) aqueous leaf extract on lead acetate-induced hepatotoxicity in male Wistar rats. Thirty male rats were divided randomly into six equal groups. Group 1 (normal control), received 0.5ml normal saline; group 2 received 50mg/kg body weight (b.wt) lead acetate (Pb) for 28 days; groups 3 & 4 received A.O (150 and 300 mg/kg b.wt respectively) for first 14 days and Pb (50mg/kg b.wt) for the next 14 days; group 5 received concurrently (150 mg/kg b.wt A.O and 50 mg/kg b.wt Pb) for 28 days; group 6 received concurrently (300 mg/kg b.wt A.O and 50 mg/kg b.wt Pb) for a period 28 days. Animals were sacrificed and blood sample collected for assay of activity of serum liver enzymes; Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Result on histological analysis in lead only treated rats revealed vacuolar degeneration, necrosis of the hepatocytes and biochemical evaluation showed significant increases (p<0.05) in the activities of serum liver enzymes compared to normal control group indicative of hepatotoxicity. Pre and co-administrations of A.O at high and low doses to lead exposed rats, showed significant (p<0.05) reduction in serum levels of liver enzymes and cytoarchitectural preservation of liver tissue against lead intoxication. In conclusion, result obtained from this study, suggests that A.O possesses protective potentials against lead acetate-induced hepatotoxicity.

Keywords: Anacardium occidentale; Hepatotoxicity; Lead Acetate; Liver Enzymes.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )