STUDY OF ANTIBIOTIC UTILIZATION PATTERN IN MEDICINE OPD OF GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE HOSPITALS OF WESTERN RAJASTHAN
Monika Sharma*, Najmul Hasan and Anusuya Gehlot
Background: Irrational and inappropriate use of antibiotics can cause antibiotic resistance. The present study was a prospective study done in general medicine ward of Government and Private hospital to analyze the utilization pattern of antibiotics using Prescriber indiactor of the World Health Organization core drug use indicators. Method: It was a prospective, cross sectional study conducted in Medicine OPD OF Government and Private hospitals of Rajasthan. Total 200 prescriptions were analysed. Result: Average number of drug per prescription was 3.4 in Government and 4.2 in private sector. Drug prescribed by generic name was very low in private hospital. Antibiotic utilization was slightly high in both hospital. Less number of Injections were prescribed in both hospitals. Conclusion: There is a critical need of improvement in the standards of prescribing patterns in many aspects. The prescriptions should include more generic drugs as they decrease the cost of treatment specially in private hospital.
Keywords: Antibiotic utilization pattern, Antibiotic resistance.
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