NARGIS (NARCISSUS TAZETTA L.): PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES AND THERAPEUTIC USES OF A RARE HERB OF UNANI MEDICINE- A REVIEW
Mohd Afsahul Kalam* and Ifra Qayoom
Unani System of Medicine has been popular since long, in which crude drugs from various sources viz. plants, minerals and animals were used for the management of various diseases in the present era, due to its effectiveness, economic and less associated side effects. Mostly drugs obtained from plant source, in which various plants are common but some are found rare and listed in endangered species such as Iris ensata Thunb., Saussurea lappa (Decne)Sch.-Bip, Picrorrhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. Narcissus tazetta L. is one of the famous bulbous plant belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae. The plant is a widespread species, commonly known as Nargis and Daffodil. apart from its ornamental purpose, the medicinal values of this plant are described in the classical literatures of Unani System of Medicine. Commonly it possesses anti-inflammatory, detergent, diuretic, emetic, purgative effects etc. It is recommended for the treatment of various disorders like headache, common cold, Alopecia areata, CNS disorders etc. This review gives an account of the current knowledge on the morphology, phytochemistry, pharmacological actions and therapeutic uses of Nargis in perspective of Unani Tibb and pharmacological studies.
Keywords: Nargis, Narcissus tazetta L., Bulbous, Herbal medicine, Therapeutic use.
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