COVID-19: OUTBREAK OF A NEW PANDEMIC
Jyoti Sharma*, Kapil Dhiman, Damit Dhiman and Shubham Bhardwaj
COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019) is a infectious disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), previously named as novel coronavirus 2019 (2019-nCoV), a strain of coronavirus. As per the report WHO declared this outbreak as a pandemic because it became a serious issue to public health and reiterated the call for countries to take immediate actions to scale up to treat, detect and control the transmission. In the last 20 years, several viral epidemics came out such as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) in 2002–2003, and H1N1 influzena in 2009, have been recorded. Mostly recently, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012. In a timeline that reaches the present day, an epidemic of cases with unexplained low respiratory infections was first reported to the WHO country office in China, on December 31, 2019. And it was presented as all this started from the Human Seafood Wholesale Market of Wuhan (China).
Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID-19, Syndrome, Novel, Transmission, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV.
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