( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Amrutha S.*, Dr. Saraswathi Devi


Background and Aims: Propofol is widely used for induction of anaesthesia, pain during its injection remains a concern. A number of techniques have been adopted to minimise propofol induced pain. Various 5HT3 antagonists have shown to reduce propofol induced pain, metachlopramide is shown to have analgesic effect and reduce the use of opioids. Both drugs are used commonly for prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting. A randomised controlled study was conducted to compare the efficacy of ondansetron and metachlopramide in terms of attenuation of propofolinduced pain during induction of anaesthesia. Methods: 100 adult patients aged 20–70 years posted for various elective surgical procedures under general anaesthesia were randomly assigned to two groups of 50 each. Group O received 4 mg of ondansetron, Group M received 10mg of metachlopramide. After intravenous pre‑treatment of study drug, manual occlusion of venous drainage was done at mid‑arm for 1 min. This was followed by administration of propofol (1%) after release of venous occlusion. Pain was assessed with a four‑point scale. Unpaired Student’s t‑test and Chi‑square test/Fisher’s exact test were used to analyse results. Results: Demographic data in both the groups were comparable and there was no statistical significance.VRS and VASwere lower in group M compared to group O. Priming with either ondansetron or metachlopramide mostly alleviated pain of initiation of propofol injection where 17 patients in group O and 36 in group M had no pain. 16 patients in group O whereas only 8 patients in group M had mild pain. VRS of 2 was noted in 11 patients with group O and 3 patients in group M. Priming with 10 mg metachlopramide provided significantly better analgesia compared to ondansetron 4mg with p value of 0.002.

Keywords: Ondansetron, metachlopramide, pain, propofol.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )