A REVIEW ON AVEDHYA SIRA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SHUSHRUTA SAMHITA
*Pooja Thakur and Dr. Seema Joshi
Sushruta Samhita one of the great treatise of Ayurveda have described the structural concept of human body according to its clinical relevance. Sira is also one of the important structural concept described by Acharya Sushruta. In seventh Adhyaya of Sharir Sthana, Acharya Sushruta has given the detailed information on the subject matter of the Siras of the human body. In the same Adhyaya the Acharya has named some Siras which should not be punctured during the treatment stage. These Siras are called Avedhya Sira. These are 98 in number and are strictly prohibited for puncturing. Because puncturing of these Avedhya Sira may cause disability or death of a person. These Avedhya Siras are divided in three regions i.e.; Shakhagat- 16, Koshthagat-32, and Urdhavjatrugata-50. There are several examples of diseases those are cured by that venupuncture or Siravedhan process like Gridhrasi, Unmada, Apasamara etc. To know which “Siras” are suitable for venesection we should first of all know which “Siras” we should exclude while performing venesection to avoid misshappenings like deformity or death of a person.
Keywords: Sira, Avedhya Sira, Dushtavyadha.
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