BADIYAN (FOENICULUM VULGARE MILL.): AN IMPORTANT DRUG OF UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE
Md. Naquibuddin, *Hamiduddin and Zeba Reyaz
Feoniculum vulgare is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae ⁄ Umbelliferae family, widespread in the Mediterranean region. In Unani system of medicine it is either used as a single drug or as an ingredient in many Unani formulations which are use in the treatment of various ailments of the body. In the present manuscript the information available about this drug in Unani literature, phytochemical and pharmacological investigations. Badiyan is a Carminative, Concoctive of phlegm and black bile, Analgesic, Emmenogogue, Anti flatus, Spermatogenic, Galactopoietics etc. It is used in the treatment of Amenorrhoea, galactopoietics, Halitosis, Cataract, Diuretic, Flatus colic, Stomatitis and Jaundice diseases. Pharmacological and clinical investigation of Feoniculum vulgare revealed Hepatoprotective activity, Antifungal activity, antibacterial activity, Anti inflammatory activity, Anti-diabetic activity, Anxiolytic activity, Thrombolytic activity, Anti carcinogenic activity, Diuretic activity, Antihirsutism activity, Repellent activities
Keywords: Badiyan, phytochemical, Unani formulation, Single drug, Ailments.
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