( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Elsadig Yousif Mohamed MD*, Sawsan M. Abdalla MD , Sami Eldirdiri MD , Humida Ali Gurashi MD. Mohamed Ahmed A/Gadir Elimam Ounsa MD, Khalid Altohami Medani MD, Waled Amen Mohammed Ahmed MD


Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine risk factors related to inguinal hernia, its types, clinical presentation and line of management in Gedarif Teaching Hospital], Sudan. Research methods: The study was descriptive, retrospective. One hundred and eighty records of patients attended the surgical department in Gadarif Teaching Hospital and diagnosed as inguinal hernia were enrolled in this study. Data were collected by a check list. Analysis was done by the computer using SPSS version 16. Results: Most of the hernias presented to Gedarif teaching hospitals were indirect (66.2%). Direct and strangulated hernias constituted 24.4% and 9.4% respectively. Risk factors related to inguinal hernia were urine retention, chronic cough, constipation, grandmultipara and previous inguinal hernia constituted 35.6%, 28.9%, 22.8%, 6.7%, 3.3 %respectively. Most of the patients were presented with inguinoscrotal swelling (60%) followed by inguinal swelling (28.3%), few patients were presented with pain in the inguinal region (11.7%). The most common Inquinal hernia repair was combined herniotomy and hernioraphy (63%). Conclusion: The study concluded that the most common types of inguinal hernia presented to Gadarif teaching hospital were the indirect followed by the direct and the strangulated. The risk factors of inguinal hernia were urine retention, chronic cough and constipation. The most common clinical presentation of ingunal hernia was inguino-scrotal swelling. Combined herniotomy and herniorophy was the commonest surgical intervention.

Keywords: Inguinal hernia, public hospital.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 September 2023 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    SEPTEMBER issue has been successfully launched on 1 SEPTEMBER 2023.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.


  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database