NOVEL CORONAVIRUS DISEASE-2019 (COVID-19): A REVIEW
Trishna Mani Nath* and Bikash Gupta
COVID-19 was foreign to us but now it spread all over India. The virus originated in bats and was transmitted to humans through Pangolins and snakes in Wuhan, Hubei province, China in December 2019. On 30 January, India reported its first case of COVID-19 in Kerala, which rose to three cases by 3 February; all were students and now it increase to 13,835 active case, 1,766 cured, 452 deaths and 1 migrated (17/04/2020). The disease is transmitted by inhalation or contact with infected droplets and the incubation period ranges from 2 to 14 days. The symptoms are usually fever, dry cough, shortness of breathing although serious problem like pneumonia. To confirm the diagnosis Real-time polymerase chain reaction test which is the quick test used in many lab and hospital that can detect a very small amount of Viral RNA by using sputum, swab, lavage, serum. Common laboratory findings include normal/ low white cell counts with elevated C-reactive protein. Treatment is focused on supportive care like providing fluids, oxygen, ventilator support, and antiviral agents is also found to be effective in treating COVID-19. This review briefly covers the introduction, symptom, pathophysiology, diagnosis, prevention, the treatment being followed right now in India.
Keywords: COVID-19, India, Pneumonia, SARS-CoV-2.
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