A GENERAL REVIEW ON CELASTRUS PANICULATUS AND ITS PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDY
Celastrus paniculatus Willd (Celastraceae) is a rare and endangered species in medicinal plant having a remarkable reputation such as the treatment of cognitive dysfunction, analgesic, anti- inflammatory, epilepsy, insomnia, abortifaciant, appetizer, gout, learning and memory, abdominal disorders and many more. The species is vulnerable in western ghat of south India. Different parts of celastrus paniculatus like seed, bark, stem, flower, capsule, leaf have their own pharmacological activity. The phytochemical screening analysis of leaf extracts of Celastrus paniculatus shows that all the four extracts i.e aqueous, chloroform, petroleum ether, and ethanolic extracts showed the presence of tannins, alkaloids and fixed oils. Carbohydrates, flavonoids, Phenolic compounds, and saponins are present in only aqueous extract while Sterols and triterpenoids are present in ethanolic, aqueous extracts. Phytochemical studied has been shown that Celastrus paniculatus seed extract contains alkaloids, sterols, and bright coloring substance, celapanine, celapanigine, celapagine, celastrine, and paniculatine are some of the important alkaloids are rich in oleic acid, which is the main fatty acid in the oil, together with linoleic acid, palmitic acid and stearic acid.
Keywords: Celastrus paniculatus, phytochemical, pharmacological activity
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