PHTOCHEMICAL & PHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEW ON ACACIA SPECIES
*Monika Bakoliya and Yogesh Kumar Sharma
Acacia species: Acacia is the most significant genus of family Leguminosae, first of all described by Linnaeus in 1869. It is estimated that there are roughly 1589 species of Acacia worldwide, about two-third of them native to Africa and rest of spread around tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Acacia species are commonly known as ‘Babool’ in India and ethno medicinally used for the treatment of various types of diseases. The large number of exudates gums obtained from trees of acacia and contain similarly bound sugars (D-galactose, L-arabinose and Deoxy-sugar) and uronic acid salts of Na, K, Ca and Mg.
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