EFFECT OF A PSYCHOEDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION ON SELF-ESTEEM AS A PROTECTIVE FACTOR AGAINST THE USE OF DRUGS IN ADDICTED ADOLESCENTS
Miriam Bautista Caraza*, Edith Castellanos Contreras, Javier Salazar Mendoza, Dulce Brenda Mendez Rojas, Sonia Cervantes Gómez and Nathan Andrew Schroeder6
The beginning of consumption of addictive substances during adolescence is a behavior that requires special attention and presents numerous challenges and implies a series of changes in different areas such as personal, family, and social. In general, adolescents are exposed to multiple risk factors. The studies that were consulted indicate that a low self-esteem is a predictor of the use of drugs, which is why this phenomenon has become a competence for global health. It is here that primary care plays an important role, since health professionals must identify potential clients in a timely manner and provide effective interventions that positively contribute to adolescents‟ self-esteem, with self-concept and personal worth as core elements, as well as capacity of the individual when facing stressful situations in everyday life. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of a psychoeducational intervention on self-esteem as a protective factor against the use of drugs in addicted adolescents. The methodology is of a psychoeducational type, containing both qualitative and quantitative data, and due to its design, it was quasi-experimental, characterized by the manipulation of the causal or risk factor. The sampling was by snowball with a sample size of 30 participants and a confidence level of 95%, maximum error of 5%, and prevalence of 20%.
Keywords: Self-efficacy; Teenagers; Addictions; Clinical trial.
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