CONSTITUENTS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES SOME OF THE SELECTED SALVIA SPECIES: A REVIEW
Abdolhossein Rustaiyan Prof.*, Afsaneh Faridchehr, PhD, Zahra Sadat Aghakhah Razlighi MSc. and Mahdieh Ariaee-Fard MSc.
Salvia is a fascinating plant genus and one of the wide spread members of the Labiate family, which comprises about 900 herbs and shrubs, growing in the temperate and warmer zones of the world. Some of these species feature prominently in the pharmacopoeias of many countries throughout the world. The range of traditional applications of the herbs in domestic medicine seems to be endless: they have been used as a medication against perspiration and fever, as a carminative; a spasmolytic; an antiseptic/ bactericide; an astringent; a gargle or mouthwash against inflammation of the mouth, tongue and throat; a wound-healing agent; skin and hair cure; against rheumatism and sexual debility; in treating mental and nervous conditions; and as an insecticide. We will discuss about the following Salvia species: Salvia sharifi Rech. f. and Esfan.; Salvia hypoleuca Benth.; Salvia leriefolia Benth.; Salvia mirzayani Rech f. and Esfan.; Salvia reuterana Boiss. and Salvia limbata C.A. Mey.
Keywords: Salvia, Secondary metabolites, Essential Oils, Diterpenes, Sesterterpenes, biological activities.
[Full Text Article]