CONSTITUENTS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF SELECTED GENERA OF THE IRANIAN LABIATAE (LAMIACEAE) FAMILY- A REVIEW (PART ONE)
Prof. Abdolhossein Rustaiyan*, Afsaneh Faridchehr PhD., Mahdieh Ariaee Fard MSc. and Zahra Sadat Aghakhah Razlighi MSc.
Lamiaceae or Labiatae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle family. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs, such as basil, mint, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, lavender, and perilla. Some species are shrubs, trees (such as teak), or rarely, vines. Many members of the family are widely cultivated, for not only their aromatic qualities but also their ease of cultivation, since stem cuttings readily propagate them. References such as Phytochemistry, Journal of Essential Oil Research, Flavour and Fragrance Journal and Journal of Herbal Drugs etc. used to search scientific contribution until 2017, using relevant keywords. Literature focusing on Essential Oil, Chemical Composition and their chemical structure and in short we refere to the Biological Activities from the some genus. Treatments with Essential Oil from genera in this review have shown positive result in biological activities such as traditionally used in rheumatism, anti-bacterial effects, free radical scavenging and activity in cancer cell line. In this review, we will be discussing the constituents and biological activities of some of the genera of the Iranian Labiatae family namely: Ajuga; Ballota; Cyclotrichium; Eremostachys; Hymenocrater; Marrubium; Melissa; Mentha; Micromeria; Nepeta; Ocimum and Perovskia.
Keywords: biologically active compounds, plant; phytochemical; plant biologically active compounds.
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