ROLE OF SAMPRAPTI IN AYURVEDA
Dr. Priyanka Gupta* and Dr. Aradhana Kande
Ayurveda is the science of life which provides healthy long life as it deals with prevention and promotion of health as well as the treatment of diseases. All the ancient Ayurvedic classics discussed the Tridosha theory as a base. The equilibrium of Tridosha causes health where as disequilibrium of the same leads to different types of diseases depending upon specific pathogenesis. Ayurveda, the Indian system of medicine, has its own branch of speciality for understanding the disease process and proper diagnosis of a disease. The Ayurvedic diagnostic approach is of two types comprising of Rogi Pariksha and Roga Pariksha separately. Among them Roga Pariksha gives us the complete knowledge about a disease starting from the etiological aspect to the actual manifestation of disease. In Ayurveda there are five means of diagnosis i.e. Nidana Panchaka namely Nidana, Purvarupa, Rupa, Upashaya and Samprapti which are included under Roga Pariksha. Out of Nidana Panchaka Samprapti is important tools. Entire process of manifestation of disease is called Samprapti. The Samprapti gives knowledge about provocating doshas, route of the disease, involved dhatus and srotas affected and their prognosis. According to prognosis, the disease is curable, incurable and difficult to cure. So this Samprapti helps in prognosis of disease. The knowledge of Samprapti is very important because it gives a precised and comprehensive picture of the nature of the disease. Thus the term Samprapti can be correlate to the modern term pathogenesis.
Keywords: Roga Pariksha, Nidanpanchaka, Samprapti.
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