ESTIMATION OF BODY COMPOSITION PARAMETERS FROM WEIGHT, BMI AND SUM OF SKIN FOLD OF WOMEN FROM KADUNA AND RIVERS STATES OF NIGERIA
Victor P. D.*, Danborno B., Adebisi S. S., Gbaranor K. B., Ajie P. C. and Okpara E. P.
Aim: This study was intended to estimate body composition parameters from weight, BMI and sum of skinfold of women from Kaduna and Rivers states of Nigeria. Materials and methods: A total of 788 (Rivers state, n=401 and Kaduna, n=387) apparently healthy females participated in this study. Weight and height was measured using stadiometer. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated as weight (kg)/height (m2) and categorized according to ferro- Luzziet al. (1992).Skinfold calliper was used to measure the iliac and biceps skinfold thickness. Body composition parameters (muscle mass, total body water, percentage body fat, bone mass, physique rating, visceral fat rating, basal metabolic rate, metabolic age) were measured using bio impedance analyser (Tanita, Japan). A correlation test and linear regression test was used to analyse results using SPSS version 18. Results: This study showed that weight, BMI, biceps and iliac skinfold correlated positive with all body composition parameters except for total body water and physique rating which showed negative correlation. The mean Basal metabolic rate (BMR) was 2074± 158.89 and 2136.48 ± 201.86 for Kaduna women and Rivers women respectively. Conclusion: In Kaduna women, weight can be used to predict all body composition parameters except bone mass, BMI can be used to predict all body composition parameters exceptbone mass and physique rating, sum of skinfold can also be used to predict body composition parameters except for bone mass, muscle mass and BMR. In Rivers women, weight can be used to predict body composition parameters, BMI can also be used to predict body composition parameters except for total body water, sum of skinfold can also be used to predict body composition parameters except for bone mass.
Keywords: Basal metabolic rate, bioimepedance analyser, Bone mass.
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