UNDERSTANDING HYPERTENSION ACCORDING TO UNANI PROSPECTIVE – AN ANALYTICAL REVIEW
Saima Saleem, Abdul Haseeb Ansari* and Aysha Ansari
Introduction: Hypertension is one of the major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. Nowadays, considered as a global public health issue and, in recent decades it has shown a growing trend due to sedentary life style. Objectives: Purpose of this study was to understand the concept of hypertension in term of classical Unānī medical books and to find a disease that has maximally coincided with the symptoms of hypertension. Materials and Methods: In this study, reliable sources of Unānī System of Medicine are the ancient literatures of Unānī System of Medicine and some reliable resources of conventional medicine such as Harrison’s principles of internal medicine and databases such as Pub Med, Scopus, were probed, base on keywords to find a disease that had the most overlapping symptoms with hypertension. By taking notes from the relevant materials, the extracted texts were compared and analyzed. Results: Findings showed that the hypertension mostly overlaps with Imtilā’ (congestion). Although this is not a complete overlap and there are also other causes and reasons including Sū’-i-Mizāj Yābis (dry dys-temperament) of vessel wall which causes Ṣalābat-i-Shīryān (atherosclerosis), Sū’-i-Mizāj Ḥarr (hot dys-temperament) of heart or damages to other organs like liver, kidney and nervous system that could also lead to hypertension according to Unānī System of Medicine. Conclusions: We can approach towards hypertension with recommendations for reducing Imtilā’ (Congestion) when we are dealing with hypertension that most probable similar to Imtilā’. Therefore, if patient is suffering from another type of hypertension like Sū’-i-Mizāj Yābis (dry dys-temperament) of vessel wall, it surely requires another treatment approach for reducing vessel wall dryness.
Keywords: Hypertension; Imtil?’; Fasa?d-i-Akhl??; Un?n? System of Medicine; S?’-i-Miz?j; S?ala?bat-i-Sh?ry?n; Atherosclerosis.
[Full Text Article]