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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Saima Saleem, Abdul Haseeb Ansari* and Aysha Ansari


Introduction: Hypertension is one of the major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. Nowadays, considered as a global public health issue and, in recent decades it has shown a growing trend due to sedentary life style. Objectives: Purpose of this study was to understand the concept of hypertension in term of classical Unānī medical books and to find a disease that has maximally coincided with the symptoms of hypertension. Materials and Methods: In this study, reliable sources of Unānī System of Medicine are the ancient literatures of Unānī System of Medicine and some reliable resources of conventional medicine such as Harrison’s principles of internal medicine and databases such as Pub Med, Scopus, were probed, base on keywords to find a disease that had the most overlapping symptoms with hypertension. By taking notes from the relevant materials, the extracted texts were compared and analyzed. Results: Findings showed that the hypertension mostly overlaps with Imtilā’ (congestion). Although this is not a complete overlap and there are also other causes and reasons including Sū’-i-Mizāj Yābis (dry dys-temperament) of vessel wall which causes Ṣalābat-i-Shīryān (atherosclerosis), Sū’-i-Mizāj Ḥarr (hot dys-temperament) of heart or damages to other organs like liver, kidney and nervous system that could also lead to hypertension according to Unānī System of Medicine. Conclusions: We can approach towards hypertension with recommendations for reducing Imtilā’ (Congestion) when we are dealing with hypertension that most probable similar to Imtilā’. Therefore, if patient is suffering from another type of hypertension like Sū’-i-Mizāj Yābis (dry dys-temperament) of vessel wall, it surely requires another treatment approach for reducing vessel wall dryness.

Keywords: Hypertension; Imtil?’; Fasa?d-i-Akhl??; Un?n? System of Medicine; S?’-i-Miz?j; S?ala?bat-i-Sh?ry?n; Atherosclerosis.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )