EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PREVALENCE AND PATTERNS OF DYSLIPIDEMIA AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS IN THE CITY OF HYDERABAD: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Dr. P. Srinivas Rao, Gandla Radhika, Deepak Raghava, K. Kavya Priya, Sowmya Bairavi and *Dr. Deepika M. L. N.

ABSTRACT

Background: India is considered as the world's diabetes capital with an estimated incidence of 8.7% in metropolitan (urban) regions while 7.9% in rural regions. Till date, several studies had shown an association of dyslipidemia with type 2 diabetes with an increased risk of cardio vascular disease (CVD). The present study was aimed to estimate the prevalence of dyslipidemia among type 2 diabetes patients in the city of Hyderabad, Telangana. Methodology: The present retrospective study was carried out by Cytomol Labs, Hyderabad, Telangana, India. A total of 1481 type 2 diabetic subjects comprising of 728 males and 753 females were enrolled over a period of 2016-2017. Clinical data on fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose level, HbA1c, lipid profile TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, VLDL-C, and TG-C were collected from lab records. Results: The percentages of male and females were 728 (49%) and 753 (51%) respectively. Dyslipidemia was seen in 95% (1402) of cases with a prevalence being 97.8% and 91.6% in males and females respectively that differed significantly between the groups (p<0.05). Proportion of patients with combined dyslipidemia was highest affecting 307 (43.1%) dyslipidemic males. Isolated single parameter dyslipidemia was seen in 706 (51%) patients, while only 10% patients revealed a mixed pattern. In females high LDL was the most common pattern of isolated single parameter dyslipidemia followed combined dyslipidemia with high TG and high HDL. Conclusion: The present study marks the importance of early diagnosis of dyslipidemia and regular follow up for early detection of CAD among subjects with type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: Dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, lipid profile, elevated triglyceride, cholesterol, obesity.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )