ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE: GLOBAL THREAT TO PUBLIC HEALTH
*Kasekar N. M., Hajare F. P., Jadhav K. V., Kadam V. J.
Antibiotics are a type of antimicrobials used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections in human and in animals. Infections from resistant bacteria are now universal, and some pathogens have even become resistant to multiple types or classes of antibiotics. The loss of effective antibiotics declines the ability to fight infectious diseases and manage the infectious complications. Bacteria, not humans or animals, become antibiotic-resistant. These bacteria could infect humans and animals, and therefore the infections they cause are more durable to treat than those caused by passive resistor bacteria. The matter of antibiotic resistance may be reduced solely by concerted efforts of all members of society for guaranteeing the continued potency of antibiotics. Wherever antibiotics may be bought for human or animal use without a prescription, the emergence and unfold of resistance is created worse. Similarly, in countries without standard treatment tips antibiotics are typically over-prescribed by medical examiners and veterinarians and over-used by the general public. A worldwide and interdisciplinary approach should be considered for the development of recent screening and diagnostic tools. This review article focuses on prevention of antibiotic resistance, its safe use, its mechanism and its global awareness. It is mainly concerned with resistance of antibiotic which is becoming a global threat to public health.
Keywords: Antibiotics, resistance, efficiency, guidelines, global awareness.
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