PREVALENCE OF ALLERGIC DISEASES AMONG THE AGE GROUP 0-18 YEARS OF THE POPULATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN
*Razikova Ilmira Sadullaevna, Razikova Gulmira Rustamovna, Aidarova Nargiza Pulatovna, Baybekova Venera Faridovna, Akhmedov Khushnud Saparbayevich
Allergic diseases (AD) in recent decades have attracted more attention due to the increasing prevalence among the population. Numerous epidemiological studies studying the degree of prevalence of AD in Russia and abroad objectively reflect the steady increase in allergopathology, especially in children. According to WHO forecasts, by 2050 most of the world's population will be affected by allergic diseases, which will be 50-60%. To obtain reliable statistics on the prevalence of allergic diseases in children 0-18 years old in Uzbekistan, the Republican Scientific and Specialized Allergological Center (RSSAC) for the first time in the execution of the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan (DP RUz) dated 05/11/2018 No. 3715 "On measures to fundamentally improve prevention, diagnostics and treatment of allergic diseases”, according to the developed questionnaire, the State screening program was conducted in the period from January 1 to July 1, 2019. Objective: To identify the prevalence of allergopathology among children from 0 to 18 years in Uzbekistan, taking into account various risk factors and regional characteristics, to conduct a retrospective and prospective analysis of allergopathology in children of the republic, to obtain reliable statistical data on nosologies of allergic diseases and to develop a set of preventive measures to prevent them.
Keywords: Allergic rhinitis, pollinosis, atopic dermatitis, the prevalence of allergic diseases, bronchial asthma, children, control of bronchial asthma, PP 3715, screening, allergopathology.
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