STUDY ON ETHNO-MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR THE CURE OF ANAEMIA IN RANCHI DISTRICT OF JHARKHAND, INDIA
Farha Fatma* and Anil Kumar
This paper enumerates traditional uses of various plant species for the cure of anaemia by local people of Ranchi district of Jharkhand. Medicinal plants contains so many chemical compounds that are major source of therapeutic agents that have been used to cure various human diseases. Anemia affects one fourth of the world’s population. It is a condition in which the quantity of red blood cells or their oxygen conveying limit is deficient to meet physiologic requirements, which changes by age, gender, height, smoking etc. Iron deficiency is believed to be the most widely recognized reason for anaemia. Nutritional deficiency, inadequate amount of some of the vitamins and minerals that are needed for hemoglobin production, may cause iron deficiency. Various medicinal plants having anti-anemic potential includes Spinach (Spinacia oleracea), beetroot (Beta vulgaris), Broccoli(Brassica oleraceae), Drumstick (Moringa oleifera), Bhringraj (Eclipta alba), Garlic (Allium sativum), Ginger (Zingiber officinale), soyabean (Glycine max) etc. The natural medications with anti-anemic activity are widely formulated because they show better compatibility with human body, easily available and less side effects.
Keywords: Ethno-medicinal, anaemia, treatment, herbal, anti-anaemic.
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