EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

ALIEN HAND SYNDROME - A MINI REVIEW

Anitha Nandagopal*, Fatima Umaira Saeed and Anupama Koneru

ABSTRACT

Alien hand syndrome (AHS) also called as Dr. Strangelove syndrome or anarchic hand is autonomous, motor, involuntary movement of limb. It is caused when a person had two brain hemispheres surgically separated, as seen in epilepsy, psychosis, migraine, parkinsonism, Creuzfeldt Jacob disease, HIV, tumor etc. This disorder is associated with frontal, occipital and parietal lobes of brain. Any damage to these lobes results in prior activation of primary motor cortex, disconnection between hemispheres of brain and loss of inhibitory control in pre motor system which results in uncoordinated movements of afflicted limb. AHS can be diagnosed by using neuroimaging techniques like FMRI, FDG-PET, DTT, rCBF using SPECT. AHS can be treated through direct physical interventions such as by using of cane, drugs like Clonazepam, botulinum toxin (butox) and visualization strategies.

Keywords: Alien hand syndrome, involuntary movement, pre motor cortex, neuroimaging, Butulinum.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing