MODERN ASPECTS OF ETIOPATOGENEZ OF THE GENERALIZED PERIODONTAL DISEASE (REVIEW OF LITERATURE)
Now diseases of the parodont represent one of widespread and difficult pathologies in modern stomatology. Approximately at 50% of the population of various regions of the world at the age of 17-60 years various forms of diseases of the parodont are noted. At the same time nearly 90% of the population in the developed countries have gingivit symptoms, for 50% are diagnosed the generalized periodontal disease (GPD) of moderate severity, and for 3% of heavy. According to WHO data (2005), the functional violations of a stomatologic system caused by loss of teeth from parodont diseases develop in 5 times more often than at caries complications, and take the second place on distribution frequency among all dental diseases. At a periodontal disease there is a suppression of regulatory mechanisms in the system of microcirculation of the parodont which extent of frustration depends on severity of a disease and it leads to decrease in lability of microvessels. At easy degree of a periodontal disease inflammatory changes proceed against the background of a spasm the precapillyare of links of the microcirculator course and the increased permeability of a wall of post-capillary faded, being followed by initial rheological changes of blood, developments of stagnation in microvessels and increase in reactivity of endotelialny layer in the venule.
Keywords: A generalized periodontal disease, etiopatogenez the parodontit, microcirculation of blood vessels at the parodontit, lability of microvessels.
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